In today’s Year 6 Science Writing group we focused on references and the abbreviations that scientists use. George says “It’s good to learn this because if we want to be scientists we already have the skills to write science papers and tell the world our results”.
References can be papers or books where scientists have read about their subject and background information about their topic. They tell you the author, the name of the journal/paper and when it was published. It also publicises the work that has been done before on that topic.
References are used to convince people that the statement they have made is correct. They are very detailed because they tell exactly where that information came from and anyone reading can find within seconds using the volume, journal and page number that is included.
But, although they contain a lot of information, references can be quite confusing and long. Therefore, when writing, scientists use abbreviations. It is simpler and quicker to use these.
If there is just one author you just write their surname and the year the paper was published. If there are two authors, you put both of their surnames with and in the middle and the year it was published. If three or more scientists worked on a paper together, the abbreviation used is “et al.,”. This is Latin for “and all” so…….
For example a paper called…
Mann J., Stoughton M., Nedelcheva I., O’Reilly C., King-Underwood A. and Daniels A (2012) How to instruct year 6s to write scientifically. Journal of Lab_13 Science Writers 3 127-135
….would become Mann et al., 2012.
Easy peasy lemon squeezy. That’s awesome!
Now we have more confidence about science writing and referencing correctly. This will be useful next week during Science Writing Week because we are writing our own science papers.
Morgan says “Being a science writer gives me more confidence in my writing
Jordan says “This club lets me learn more about real science research and how papers are laid out”.